Offshore wind in the Baltic Sea could provide for more than a third of all current electricity demand in the neighbouring countries, but exploiting this potential efficiently will require stronger cooperation, better planning and regulatory reform.
Capacity-based grid tariffs are becoming more common. In a report for the Swedish Energy Market Inspectorate, we find both tariff design and the implementation process to be critical to success.
Hydrogen offers much needed flexibility to the future low-carbon energy system and has few if any alternatives. The potential is largest where direct electrification is not an option. Hydrogen presents interesting opportunities for Norwegian industry.
Experience with Local Energy Communities is limited. They would be better supported by time-limited regulatory exemptions to facilitate experimentation than by reform of the current regime, which might put consumer protections and efficiency at risk.
Achieving climate goals requires significant investment in the electricity network. The associated costs are borne by customers. If network charges are equalised nationally, overall costs will increase and electrification will be made less cost-effective.
In 2018, Statnett tested the remote disconnection of loads as a source of flexibility in Northern Norway as part of the ‘Large-Scale Load Management’ pilot project. THEMA’s evaluation concludes that the pilot was successful, although its scale was smaller than originally planned.
In its fourth national energy research strategy, Energi21 recommends increased research effort targeting six areas that will help prepare Norway for a low-carbon future. THEMA has assisted in the process.
New EU regulations require a rethink of Statnett’s balancing services markets. THEMA has therefore supported Statnett through an internal process to clarify both balancing market roles and the conditions applicable to aggregated bids.
Currently, Svalbard’s energy system is based on local coal, but its power plant is old and the prospects for mining are uncertain. How will the community meet its future energy needs? Together with Multiconsult, we have analysed the alternatives.
The Norwegian authorities spend NOK 3.3bn a year on 41 climate support schemes delivered by a variety of bodies. A review of these support schemes suggests that 13 be continued as they are, and 14 cease to be supported on climate change grounds.